Robert R. Paine

Professor

Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work

Texas Tech University

robert.paine@ttu.edu

               

Areas of Research
* Human skeletal biology
* Forensic anthropology
* Histology of bone
* Paleopathology
* Human Evolution
* Primate behavior & morphology

 

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Current Research
Images
Recent Publications
International Presentations
National Presentations

 

Current Research Interest
  1. Histological application of evaluating skeletal lesions, specifically in the case of micro nutrient deficiencies seen in prehistoric populations.
  1. Trauma analysis of skeletal remains from Iron Age of Italy.
  1. Macro and micro anatomical analysis of skeletal remains from the Raymond Dart skeletal collection, South Africa. Specific focus is on bone remodeling related to pellagra, diet deficiency.

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Images

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Recent Publications
In Press.  “A paleopathological analysis of Byzantine burials from the Agora section of the archaeological site of Elaiussa Sebaste”. 
           R Vargiu & RR Paine.  Book chapter.
In: Elaiussa Sebaste III. The Commercial Agora. Editors. C Morselli, & EE
           Schneider.  Publisher:  L'Erma di Bretschneider pp.1-35.
2008.
2009  “A health assessment for Imperial Roman burials recovered from the Necropoli of San Donato and Bivio CH, Urbino,
           Italy”.
RR. Paine, R. Vargiu, C. Signoretti, & A. Coppa. The Journal of Anthropological Sciences, vol 87. Istituto  
           Italiano di Antropologia.

           Link to article: http://www.isita-org.com/jass/Contents/ContentsVol.htm
2007 “Reevaluating the health and nutritional status of maize-dependent populations: Evidence for the impact of pellagra on human
         skeletons from South Africa”. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. BP Brenton & RR Paine, 46(5/6) :345-360.
2007 “How to equip a basic histology lab for the anthropological assessment of human bone and teeth”. Invited. The Journal of 
         Anthropological Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Antropologia,. 85:153-164.
2007 “INTRODUCTORY PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY LABORATORY MANUAL” AC Durband & RR Paine,
          Publisher Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.
2007 “A health assessment of high status Christian burials recovered from the Roman-Byzantine archaeological site of Elaiussa
         Sebaste, Turkey”. RR Paine, R Vargiu, A Coppa, C Morselli, & EE Schneider. The Journal of Comparative Human
         Biology, HOMO. 58(2): 173-190. Available online 12 April 2007.
2007 “Cranial Trauma in Iron Age Samnite Agriculturists from Alfedena, Italy: Implications for Biocultural and Economic Stress.”
         RR Paine, D Mancinelli, M Ruggieri, & A Coppa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 132:48-58. Published
         Online: 1 Aug 2006, DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20461.
2006 “Cranial Trauma in Iron Age Samnite Agriculturists from Alfedena, Italy: Implications for Biocultural and Economic Stress.”
         RR Paine, D Mancinelli, M Ruggieri, and A Coppa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Published Online: 1 Aug
         2006 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20461
2006 “Dietary health does effect age assessment: an evaluation of the Stout & Paine (1992) age estimation equation using
         secondary osteons from the rib.” RR Paine and BP Brenton. Journal of Forensic Sciences. Vol. 51, no.3: pp.489-492.
2004 “Standardized methodologies for examining bone-tempered pottery: A specific example from Mission Espiritu Santo
          (41VT11) Victoria County, Texas”. T.L. Walter, R.R. Paine, and H. Horni. Journal of Archaeological Science. 31(4):393-
          398, April.

2004 “Histological analysis of ribs from a 20th century Black South African population: Differentiating a micro-structural pattern for
          pellagra and general malnutrition. RR Paine & BP Brenton .American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement. 
          38:156. Abstract.

2004 “A paleopathological assessment of the Bowser Skeletal population. J.R. Carter & R.R. Paine. American Journal of Physical
         Anthropology Supplement. 38:73. Abstract.

2004 “Age a death determination using the skeletal histomorphometry of the third metacarpal and third metatarsal from autopsy
         and cadaver samples. A.L. Foose, & R.R. Paine, American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement. 38:96. Abstract.

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International Presentations
2008 “Condizioni di vita e stato di salute a Tarquinia nella fase iniziale della prima età del Ferro”, R Vargiu, D Mancinelli, RR Paine
         F Trucco. Preistoria e Prostostoria in Etruria. Milano, Italy September 12-14.
2008 “The Anatomical Record of Pellagra: Macro- and Micro-Skeletal Indictors of Maize Intensification.” D L Tompkins, BP
         Brenton and RR Paine. 17th European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Copenhagen, August 25-27.
2007 “DATI ANTROPOLOGICI DALLA NECROPOLI DI AQUINUM: CONDIZIONI DI VITA E STATO DI SALUTE.”
         R Vargiu, GR Bellini, D Mancinelli, P Santoro1, RR Paine, I Di Russo, A Coppa. Incontro di studi. Accademia di
         Danimarce. British School at Rome. Lazio e Sabino, Italy. December 5.
2007 “HUMAN HEALTH FROM AN EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE: EXAMPLES FROM PREHISTORY”. Invited
         lecturer
. The University of Rome "La Sapienza", Department of Animal and Human Biology. May 10 &15.
2007 “Skeletal indicators of health and diet: Example of bone biology and pellagra”. Invited lecturer. Università di Ferrara,
         Dipartimento Biologia ed Evoluzione, Lab. di Antropologia. Ferrara – Italy May 7.
2006 Workshop title: “An application of skeletal histology for the assessment of health in prehistoric and historic peoples.” Invited
         Lecturer.
Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell’Umomo Sezione di Anthropologia, "La Sapienza" Roma,
         Italy. December 19 & 20. Specific lectures:
         * “The basics in histology: An Anthropological perspective”.
         * “An assessment of animal verse human skeletal fragments”.
         * “A review of age estimations using histological features, Kerley’s (1965) femur equation and Stout and Paine’s (1992) rib
             technique”.
         * “The use of histology to assess dietary deficiencies: Examples from cases of pellagra and non-specific malnutrition.
2006 “The affect of pellagra on the human skeletal system, macro lesions and micro-anatomical changes.” Featured Speaker. RR
          Paine & BP Brenton. Podium Presentation. Conference sponsored by Istituto Italiano di Antropologia at the University of
          Rome "La Sapienza", Department of Animal and Human Biology. Nov 25.
2006 “Biocultural Perspective on Pellagra” Featured Speaker. BP Brenton & RR Paine. Podium presentation. Conference
          sponsored by Istituto Italiano di Antropologia at the University of Rome "La Sapienza", Department of Animal and Human
          Biology. Nov 25th.

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National Presentations
Accepted (2009) “Slow bone turnover rates in prehistoric skeletal samples: Supporting evidence for the impact of pellagra and
           malnutrition on maize-dependent populations”. BP Brenton & RR Paine. Podium Presentation, American Association of
           Physical Anthropologists. Chicago, IL. April.
Accepted (2009) “The state of health of Roman Republic to Imperial Roman period burials from the necropolis of Aquinum, Italy.
           RR Paine, R Vargiu, GR Bellini, D Mancinelli, P Santoro, A Coppa. Poster Presentation, American Association of Physical
          Anthropologists. Chicago, IL. March 31- April 4.
Accepted (2009) “Injuries in Classical ballerinas relate to behavior and biomechanics”. LA Skelton & RR Paine. Poster
          Presentation, American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Chicago, IL. April.
2008 “Forensic Anthropology: Cases to expand your Horizon. Featured Speaker, Podium Presentation, 15th Annual
          Medicolegal Death Investigation Forensic Seminar. Lubbock, TX. Oct 16.
2008 “Skeletal pathologies associated with pellagra mortality: a comparative analysis of pellagrins from the Raymond Dart and
          Robert Terry anatomical skeletal collections”. BP Brenton, D Tomkins, & RR Paine. Podium Presentation. American
          Association of Physical Anthropologists. Columbus, OH. April.
2008 “The frequency of cranial trauma among the Iron Age Vestini of Abruzzi, Italy”. RR Paine, D. Mancinelli, V. d’Ercole, & A.
          Coppa Poster Presentation. American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Columbus, OH. April.
2008 “Paleopathology of the plague of corn: Skeletal evidence of Pellagra from the Dart and Terry Collections”. BP Brenton, D
          Tomkins, & RR Paine. Podium Presentation. American Association of Physical Anthropologists Northeastern
          Anthropological Association, Amherst, MA. March 8.
2007 “Forensic Anthropology/ Archaeology”. Featured Speaker, Podium Presentation, 14th Annual Medicolegal Death
           Investigation Forensic Seminar. Lubbock, TX. Nov. 1.
2007 “The impact of malnutrition on bone micro-anatomy” RR Paine & BP Brenton. Podium Presentation. American Association
          of Physical Anthropologists. Philadelphia, PA. March 27-April 1.
2007 “Skeletal trauma and malnutrition mortality: implications for interpreting the impact of social inequality on human health during
          apartheid-era South Africa.” BP Brenton, Amanda Tang & RR Paine. The 47th Annual Northeast Anthropological
          Association Meetings. Ithaca, NY. March.
2006 “Forensic Archaeology and the recovery of human remains.” Featured Speaker, Podium Presentation, 13th Annual 
          Medico-legal Death Investigation Forensic Seminar. Lubbock, TX. October 19-20.
2006 “A basic anthropological assessment of skeletal and decomposing remains (age, sex, ht, trauma).” Featured Speaker,
          Podium Presentation, 13th Annual Medico-legal Death Investigation Forensic Seminar. Lubbock, TX. October 19-20.

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